Objective: Penile cancer are the rarest carcinoma of the genitourinary system that are often devastating for the patient and frequently diagnostically and therapeutically challenging for the Urologist. In view of this, it would be interesting to study the incidence, demographics, presentation, and treatment of the patients. The aim of this study was to report the status of penile cancer at Hasan Sadikin Hospital Bandung. Material & Methods: This was a retrospective study of 9 patients. We study the incidence, demographics, presentation, and treatment of the patients at Hasan Sadikin Hospital Bandung between January 2010 and December 2015. Results: The mean age of the patients was 50.44 ± 12.09 years old. All patients had squamous cell carcinoma. Five patients underwent partial penectomy, 4 patients underwent total penectomy and perineostomy for urinary diversion. Four patients had lymph node localization. A Superficial lymph node dissection was performed in two patients. One of our patient was referred to hemato-oncologist for chemotherapy. Conclusion: Penile cancer seems rare in our hospital. General public should be educated about genital hygiene and early circumcision in male infant as a prophylactic measure. An understanding of the various operative procedures for treatment of the primary tumor and regional lymph nodes is therefore critical in the successful management of this condition.
Penile cancer, penectomy, treatment
Wei DL, Chin HO, Tow PL, Colin T. Penile cancer: a local case series and literature review. Singapore Med J. 2015; 56(11): 637-40.
Gandhavi J, Parmar H. Carcinoma of penis in India: A study of 50 cases. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health. 2014; 4 (issue 1).
Hakenberg OW, Comperat E, Minhas S, Necchi A, Protzel C, Watkin N. Guidelines on Penile Cancer. In: European Association of Urology Guidelines; 2015.
Slaoui A, Jabbour Y, El Ghazoui A, Karmouni T, Elkhader K, Koutani A, et al. Penile cancer: about ten cases at the University Hospital of Rabat, review of the literature. Pan African Medical Journal. 2015; 22: 53.
Pow-Sang MR, Benavente V, Pow-Sang JE, Morante C, Meza L, Baker M, et al. Cancer of the penis. 2012; 9(4).
Brady KL, Scott GA, Gilmore ES. Cutaneous metastasis from penile squamous cell carcinoma resembling carcinoma en cuirasse. Dermatology Online Journal. 2015; 21(3): 15.
Lawindy SM, Rodriguez AR, Horenblas S, Spiess PE. Current and future strategies in the diagnosis and management of penile cancer. Amsterdam: Hindawi Publishing Corporation; 2011.
Candiani JO, Melendez MG, Gonzalez SE, Eichelmann K. Destructive squamous cell carcinoma of the penis. The American Journal of the Medical Sciences. 2015; 349(6).
Pettaway CA, Lance RS, Davis WI. Tumors of the penis. In Campbell-Walsh Urology 10th edition. Philadelphia: Elsevier Sanders; 2011. p. 901-33.
Chaux A, Netto GJ, Rodriguez IM, Barreto JE, Oertell J, Ocampos S. Epidemiologic profile, sexual history, pathologic features, and human papillomavirus status of 103 patients with penile carcinoma. World J Urol. 2013; 31(4): 861-7.
Yeok BB, Jussawalla DJ. Descriptive epidemiology of the cancers of male genital organs in greater Bombay. Indian J. Cancer. 1997; 34(1): 30-9.
Daling JR, Madeleine MM, Johnson LG, Schwartz SM, Shera KA, Wurscher MA, et al. Penile cancer: importance of circumcision, human papillomavirus and smoking in in situ and invasive disease. Int J Cancer. 2005; 116(4): 606-16.
Bleeker MC, Heideman DA, Snijders PJ, Horenblas S, Dillner J, Meijer CJ. Penile cancer: epidemiology, pathogenesis and prevention. World J Urol. 2009; 27: 141-50.
Edge SB, Byrd DR, Compton CC, Fritz AG, Greene FL, Trotti, et al. AJCC cancer staging manual (7th ed). France: Springer; 2000.
Lont AP, Besnard AP, Gallee MP, van-Tinteren H, Horenblas S. A comparison of physical examination and imaging in determining the extent of primary penile carcinoma. BJU Int. 2003; 91: 493-5.
Hinman F. Anatomic basic for penile excision. In Atlas of Urologic Surgery, 2nd Ed. Philadelphia: Saunders Company; 2010.
Agrawal A, Pai D, Ananthakrishnan N, Smile SR, Ratnakar C. The histological extent of the local spread of carcinoma of the penis and its therapeutic implications. BJU Int. 2000; 85: 299-301.
Ekstrom T. Cancer of the penis: a clinical study of 229 cases. Acta Chir Scand. 1958; 115: 25-9.
Horenblas S, Jansen L, Meinhardt W, Hoefnagel CA, de Jong D, Nieweg OE. Detection of occult metastasis in squamous cell carcinoma of the penis using a dynamic sentinel node procedure. J Urol. 2000; 163: 100-4.
Srinivas V, Morse MJ, Herr HW, Sogani PC, Whitmore WF. Penile cancer: relation of extent of nodal metastasis to survival. J Urol. 1987; 137: 880-2.