Published 2022-01-11
Rendy Andika Agus Rizal Ardy Hariandy Hamid Arry Rodjani


Objective: This study aims to adapt the KDQOL-SF questionnaire into Indonesian and to evaluate the reliability and validity of the questionnaire in healthy subjects in Indonesia. Material & Methods: Previously translated (into Indonesian) KDQOL-SF questionnaire was given to 33 healthy subjects at Cipto Mangunkusumo General Hospital. Respondents were over 18 years old and were able to speak Indonesian orally and in written form. Reliability was measured using Alpha Cronbach’s intraclass correlation coefficient and internal consistency reliability. Validity was evaluated using Pearson’s correlation test. Results: Out of 33 respondents, the majority of subjects were male (81%) with mean age 47.4 ± 13.7 years old. The highest score was in social support aspects with mean score 99.48 ± 2.95, while the lowest score was vitality aspect with mean score 63.28 ± 11.61. Alpha Cronbach’s score was between 0.580-0.999 and Pearson’s correlation coefficient between 0.405-0.976 with P < 0.05. Conclusion: KDQOL-SF questionnaire, which was translated into Indonesian, was valid and reliable to be used in evaluating patients’ quality of before kidney transplantation in Indonesia



validity, reliability, kidney disease, quality of life, KDQOL-SF


Prodjosudjadi W. Incidence, prevalence, treatment and cost of end-stage renal disease in Indonesia. Ethn Dis. 2006; 16(2): S2-14–S2-16.

Prodjosudjadi W, Suhardjono A. End-stage renal disease in Indonesia: treatment development. Ethn Dis. 2009; 19[Suppl 1]: S1-33–S1-36

Bataclan RP, Dial MAD. Cultural adaptation and validation of the Filipino version of Kidney Disease Quality of Life – Short Form (KDQOL-SF version 1.3). Nephrology.2009; 14: 663–8.

Ricardo AC, Hacker E, Lora CM, Ackerson L, DeSalvo KB, Go A, et al. Validation of the Kidney Disease Quality of Life Short Form 36 (KDQOL-36) US Spanish and English versions in a cohort of hispanics with chronic kidney disease. Ethnicity & Disease. 2013; 23(2): 202–9.

Thaweethamcharoen T, Srimongkol W, Noparatayaporn P, Jariyayothin P, Sukthinthai N, Aiyasanon N, et al. Validity and reliability of KDQOL-36 in Thai kidney disease patient. Value in Health Regional. 2013; 2: 98-102.

Chow SKY, Tam BML. Is the kidney disease quality of life-36 (KDQOL-36) a valid instrument for Chinese dialysis patients?. BMC Nephrology. 2014; 15-199.

Abd ElHafeez S, Sallam SA, Gad ZM, Zoccali C, Torino C, Tripepi G, et al. BMC Nephrol.2012; 13: 170-5

Green J, Fukuhara S, Shinzato T et al. Translation, cultural adaptation and initial reliability and multi-trait testing of kidney disease quality of life instrument for use in Japan. Qual.LifeRes.2001; 10: 93–100

Duarte PS, Ciconelli RM, Sesso R. Cultural adaptation and validation of the ‘Kidney Disease and Quality of Life – Short Form (KDQOL-SFTM 1.3)’ in Brazil. Braz. J. Med. Biol. Res. 2005; 38: 261–70.

Korevaar JC, Merkus MP, Jansen MAM, Dekker FW, Boeschoten EW, Krediet J. Validation of KDQOL-SFTM:A dialysis-targeted health measure. Qual. Life Res. 2002; 11: 437– 47.

Copyright Information
Department of Urology, Faculty of Medicine/Airlangga University